Grile rezolvate Facultatea de Drept Spiru Haret. Limba Engleza.

Limba engleza . Facultatea de Drept Spiru Haret – Anul 3 Semestrul 1

1. Choose the right answer:
As he was caught in ………………. of a gun, he was immediately considered a suspect.lb-engleza

a. control c. ownership
b. handling d. possession
ANS: D

2. Choose the right answer:
The unruly ….. was broken up by the police.

a. collection c. group
b. congregation d. mob
ANS: D

3. Choose the right answer:
The detective stood ….. behind the door waiting for the assailant.
a. immovable c. motionless
b. lifeless d. static
ANS: C

4. Choose the right answer:
The police ….. off the street where the bomb had gone off.
a. battened c. fastened
b. cordoned d. shuttered
ANS: B

5. Choose the right answer:
The police asked if I thought I could ….. the man who stole my car if I looked at some photos.
a. certify c. justify
b. identify d. verify
ANS: B

engleza_3

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.
Choose the right answer:
As he was caught in ………………. of a gun, he was immediately considered a suspect.

a. control c. ownership
b. handling d. possession

ANS: D

2.
Choose the right answer:
The unruly ….. was broken up by the police.

a. collection c. group
b. congregation d. mob

ANS: D

3.
Choose the right answer:
The detective stood ….. behind the door waiting for the assailant.

a. immovable c. motionless
b. lifeless d. static

ANS: C

4.
Choose the right answer:
The police ….. off the street where the bomb had gone off.

a. battened c. fastened
b. cordoned d. shuttered

ANS: B

5.
Choose the right answer:
The police asked if I thought I could ….. the man who stole my car if I looked at some photos.

a. certify c. justify
b. identify d. verify

ANS: B

6.
Choose the right answer:
The inspector was a very ….. man and he rechecked the evidence several times.

a. attentive c. thorough
b. complete d. thoughtful

ANS: C

7.
Choose the right answer:
The police who were ….. the crime could find no clues at all.

a. enquiring c. researching
b. investigating d. seeking

ANS: B

8.
Choose the right answer:
The police ….. their attention to the events that led up to the accident.

a. confined c. confirmed
b. completed d. contained

ANS: A

9.
Choose the right answer:
I was informed by the police constable that he would be forced to take me into ….. .

a. confinement c. detection
b. custody d. guardianship

ANS: B

10.
Choose the right answer:
The woman ….. for her husband’s life when he was found guilty of murder.

a. bid c. disputed
b. debated d. pleaded

ANS: D

11.
Choose the right answer:
He was thrown into prison and ….. of his property.

a. deprived c. denied
b. removed d. confiscated

ANS: A

12.
Choose the right answer:
There is no doubt about the outcome of the trial. The man is a ….. criminal

a. self-centred c. self-conscious
b. self-confessed d. self-contained

ANS: B

13.
Choose the right answer:
If the terrorists are not sent to prison, there will be a public ….. .

a. attack c. outcry
b. onslaught d. recrimination

ANS: C

14.
Choose the right answer:
It is often difficult for ex-convicts to keep to the ….. and narrow.

a. deep c. wide
b. long d. straight

ANS: D

15.
Choose the right answer:
When the detectives finally trapped him, he had to ….. to lying.

a. recourse c. resource
b. resort d. retort

ANS: B

16.
Choose the right answer:
The witness ….. the statements made by the accused man.

a. agreed c. corroborated
b. confessed d. testified

ANS: C

17.
Choose the right answer:
A prominent local figure was ….. as co-respondent in a divorce case.

a. cited c. nominated
b. accused d. quoted

ANS: A

18.
Choose the right answer:
After considering the evidence for a few hours, the Jury came to a ….. verdict.

a. unambiguous c. undivided
b. unanimous d. united

ANS: B

19.
Choose the right answer:
The suspect is not under arrest, nor have the police placed any ….. on his movements.

a. obstacle c. restriction
b. regulation d. veto

ANS: C

20.
Choose the right answer:
His comments ….. little or no relation to the facts of the case.

a. bear c. possess
b. give d. reflect

ANS: A

21.
Choose the right answer:
The … question in this case is whether the accused had a motive for this crime or not.

a. crucial c. supreme
b. forcible d. valuable

ANS: A

22.
Choose the right answer:
I wish you would let me speak for myself and not ………… the words out of my mouth.

a. pull c. take
b. grab d. snatch

ANS: C

23.
Choose the right answer:
In the legal profession, men … women by five to one.

a. outclass c. overcome
b. outnumber d. supersede

ANS: B

24.
Choose the right answer:
All ……….. barristers are expected to study at the Inns of Court.

a. hopeful c. willing
b. prospective d. wishful

ANS: B

25.
Choose the right answer:
The suspect is … to have been in the neighbourhood at the time of the crime.

a. accused c. alleged
b. affirmed d. announced

ANS: C

26.
Choose the right answer:
The American Bill of Rights, passed in 1791, represents the …………………… .

a. document establishing Parliament as the most important power in government. c. the fundamental political principles on which a state is governed
b. first ten amendments of the Constitution of the United States which refer to the rights and privileges of the individual. d. set of laws governing crime and its punishment.

ANS: B

27.
Choose the right answer:
An arraignment is ………………….. .

a. an official approval of something which then becomes legally binding. c. the reading of the indictment to the accused and hearing his plea.
b. a written statement of the details of the crime with which someone is charged in the Court. d. a writ issued by a court of justice requiring a person to appear before the court at a specified time.

ANS: C

28.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: He was booked for driving on the wrong side of the road. to book means:

a. to order or reserve something. c. to check the financial records of a company.
b. to take the name and address of a person guilty of a minor offence with a view to bringing a prosecution. d. to take the name of a player who breaks the rules while playing, three such acts resulting in the player’s dismissal from the field.

ANS: B

29.
Choose the right answer:
A plaintiff is ……………… .

a. a government official who brings charges against alleged criminals. c. a person who is accused of a crime in a criminal case.
b. a person who is legally allowed to act on behalf of someone else. d. a person who starts an action against someone in the civil courts.

ANS: D

30.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: He attempted to rebut the assertions made by the prosecution witness. to rebut means:

a. to admit that the opposing party is right. c. to prove that the opposing party is wrong, especially by offering a contrary argument.
b. to give a judgment between two parties in law. d. to deny all the assertions of the opposing party, without offering any proof

ANS: C

31.
In the sentence: In jurisdictions that use indeterminate sentencing, the judge has discretion to set the sentence at a maximum and minimum term within a broad range permitted by law. the word discretion means:

a. the quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid social
embarrassment or distress. c. the moral and religious obligation to decide correctly what should be done.
b. freedom or authority to make judgments and to act as one sees fit. d. the quality of being decent in one’s conduct.

ANS: B

32.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: A judge may permit a departure from this presumptive sentence – either an increase or decrease in the length of the term – if specific justification is shown. the expression departure from means:

a. a deviation or variation from standard procedure or established practice. c. the act of forgiving an offence and of dismissing the charges against the accused.
b. the act of leaving or going away. d. a subjective choice made in the ruling of a judge, due to emotional involvement.

ANS: A

33.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Manslaughter is also the unlawful killing of another, but without malice aforethought, either expressed or implied. the expression without malice aforethought means:

a. without the killer showing any remorse for his crime. c. without the purpose of hiding the murder weapon.
b. without the desire to break the law. d. without the intention of committing a crime (especially murder or grievous bodily harm).

ANS: D

34.
Choose the right answer:
The word …………. means a plea that a person charged with a crime was somewhere else when the crime was committed.

a. apology c. alibi
b. excuse d. forgiveness

ANS: C

35.
Choose the right answer:
If a person commits premeditated and deliberate murder, with atrocity or cruelty, by lying in wait for the victim, he or she will face the charge of ………..

a. second-degree murder c. involuntary manslaughter
b. first-degree murder d. assassination

ANS: B

36.
the right answer:
The court designed to try members of enemy forces during wartime, operating outside the scope of conventional criminal and civil matters, whose judges are military officers is a /an …………………… .

a. admiralty court c. department of defence
b. appellate court d. military court

ANS: D

37.
Choose the right answer:
The Claims Court, the Court of International Trade, the Tax Court, and the territorial courts established in the federally administered territories of the United States are called ……………..

a. supreme courts c. legislative courts.
b. constitutional courts d. courts of appeals

ANS: C

38.
Choose the right answer:
Assuming that someone is innocent, until he has been proved guilty is called ……..

a. presumption of life c. presumption of guilt
b. presumption of death d. presumption of innocence

ANS: D

39.
Choose the correct Romanian equivalents for the following British terms designating members of the British government: Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary (in this order).

a. Cancelar al Trezoreriei, Ministru de Interne, Secretar Strain. c. Cancelar al Cecurilor, Secretar Domestic, Ministru de Externe
b. Ministru de Finante, Ministru de Interne, Ministru de Externe. d. Cancelar de Finante, Ministrul Apararii, Ministru de Externe.

ANS: B

40.
Choose the correct English equivalents taking into consideration that the Romanian term ministerul de externe has different English equivalents in the United Kingdom and respectively in the United States.

a. External Ministry (UK), Foreign Ministry (USA). c. Foreign Office (UK), State Department (USA).
b. State Department (UK), Foreign Office (USA). d. Foreign Ministry (UK), Foreign Office (USA).

ANS: C

41.
Choose the right preposition:
The suspect blurted …… the names of his accomplices with a shrug of his shoulders.

a. away c. off
b. out d. in

ANS: B

42.
Choose the right prepositions:
After a good night sleep, the fugitive decided to give himself …….. and come ……… about his escape.

a. away, straight c. over, through
b. in, over d. up, clean

ANS: D

43.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The mayor made some remarks off the record about the rising crime figures., the expression off the record means:

a. according to the records of the court. c. by reading some written notes.
b. not intended for publication or disclosure; confidential. d. having a formal, ceremonial character.

ANS: B

44.
the right preposition:
The appointed attorney felt gratified that the arrestee had no choice but to confide …… him.

a. with c. in
b. over d. through

ANS: C

45.
Choose the right answer:
The eye witness was obviously in a state of shock and the policeman could not make head or ……… of what he was saying

a. tail c. heel
b. top d. rock

ANS: A

46.
Choose the right answer:
The judge seemingly tried to turn a /an…….. ear to the opposing party’s rebuttal argument.

a. inner c. lap
b. deaf d. long

ANS: B

47.
Choose the right answer:
The defense attorney did not have a strong case, so he was beating about the ……. .

a. ground c. drum
b. track d. bush

ANS: D

48.
Choose the right answer:
While being cross-examined, the defense witness let ……… that the defendant had met the victim before.

a. float c. slip
b. loose d. drift

ANS: C

49.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Against all odds, he won the case against the insurance company., the idiom against all odds means:

a. quite unexpectedly c. without any effort
b. quite predictable d. despite difficulties

ANS: D

50.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Losing the trial after so much time and money invested was a bitter pill to swallow., the idiom a bitter pill to swallow means:

a. a difficult fact to accept c. a stab in the back
b. a great success obtained d. a blessing in disguise

ANS: A

51.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The witness was determined to testify against the defendant, but he got cold feet at the last minute., the idiom to get cold feet means:

a. to faint c. to change one’s mind
b. to lose courage d. to collapse

ANS: B

52.
the right answer:
In the sentence: As a teenager, he did time for petty theft., the idiom to do time means:

a. to do community work c. to serve a prison sentence
b. to rot in jail d. to be expelled from school

ANS: C

53.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: As always, the boys in blue arrived too late to stop the bank robbers., the idiom the boys in blue means:

a. the fire brigade c. the intelligence
b. the anti-terrorist squad d. the police

ANS: D

54.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: With his recent arrest it became official that he was the black sheep of the family., the idiom the black sheep of the family means:

a. the foster child of a family c. the inheritor of the family estate
b. a disgraced family member d. the love child of a family

ANS: B

55.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: He now serves time in jail for beating his wife black and blue., the idiom to beat somebody black and blue means:

a. to hit somebody repeatedly until bruised c. to hit the opponent below the belt
b. to hit somebody in self-defense d. to strike the first blow

ANS: A

56.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Losing the trial means more money down the drain., the idiom more money down the drain means:

a. more money spent for a good cause c. more money wasted in vain
b. more money spent well d. more profit obtained

ANS: C

57.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: It would have been better if he hadn’t pursued the matter and had let sleeping dogs lie., the idiom let sleeping dogs lie means:

a. not be troubled by any guilty feeling c. avoid facing something unpleasant by sleeping
b. do not try to change a situation that could become a problem if somebody interfered d. not decide about something until the next day

ANS: B

58.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: ‘I think it is extremely unlikely that you will be asked to testify’, said the lawyer.

a. The lawyer reassured me that it was extremely unlikely that I will be asked to testify. c. The lawyer reassured me that it was extremely unlikely that he would be asked to testify.
b. The lawyer reassured me that it is extremely unlikely that I will be asked to testify d. The lawyer reassured me that it was extremely unlikely that I would be asked to testify.

ANS: D

59.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: The client asked his lawyer, Ms. Ann Straight: ‘Do you think I should plead guilty?’

a. The client asked his lawyer whether did she think he should plead guilty. c. The client asked his lawyer whether she thinks he should plead guilty.
b. The client asked his lawyer whether she thought he should plead guilty. d. The client asked his lawyer whether she did thought he should plead guilty.

ANS: B

60.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: ‘Did you actually see the suspect ditch the murder weapon?’, asked the prosecutor.

a. The prosecutor asked whether he did actually saw the suspect ditch the murder weapon. c. The prosecutor asked whether he had actually seen the suspect ditch the murder weapon.
b. The prosecutor asked whether did he actually see the suspect ditch the murder weapon. d. The prosecutor asked whether had he actually seen the suspect ditch the murder weapon.

ANS: C

61.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: ‘We have called our last witnesses in the case. Our client will not take the witness stand’ the defense attorney stated.

a. The defense attorney stated that they have called their last witnesses in the case, adding that their client will not take the witness stand. c. The defense attorney stated that they called their last witnesses in the case and added that their client will not take the witness stand.
b. The defense attorney stated that they had called their last witnesses in the case and added that their client would not take the witness stand. d. The defense attorney stated that had they called their last witnesses in the case, their client would not take the witness stand

ANS: B

62.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: ‘Why can’t you reveal your sources?’, the judge asked the journalist.

a. The judge asked the journalist why he couldn’t reveal his sources. c. The judge asked the journalist why couldn’t he reveal his sources.
b. The judge asked the journalist why he can’t reveal his sources. d. The judge asked the journalist why can’t he reveal his sources.

ANS: A

63.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: Officer Jenkins: ‘When the driver exited the car, a bag of crack cocaine fell to the ground.’

a. Officer Jenkins said that when the driver had exited the car, a bag of crack cocaine had fallen to the ground. c. Officer Jenkins said that when the driver exited the car, a bag of crack cocaine had fallen to the ground.
b. Officer Jenkins said that when the driver was exiting the car, a bag of crack cocaine fell to the ground. d. Officer Jenkins said that when the driver exited the car, a bag of crack cocaine would fall to the ground.

ANS: C

64.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: The judge: ‘Let’s hear the defense closing statement before we have a ten-minute recess.’

a. The judge suggested to hear the defense closing statement before they have a
ten-minute recess. c. The judge ordered to hear the defense closing statement before they had a
ten-minute recess.
b. The judge suggested hearing the defense closing statement before they had a
ten-minute recess. d. The judge ruled that they should heard the defense closing statement before they had a ten-minute recess.

ANS: B

65.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: ‘Slow down or I’ll get out of the car!’

a. She begged me to slow down, otherwise she will get out of the car. c. She encouraged me to slow down and to get out of the car.
b. She invited me to slow down so that she could get out of the car. d. She threatened to get out of the car if I didn’t slow down.

ANS: D

66.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: The thief: ‘I didn’t kill the woman, I just stole her purse.’

a. The thief apologized for killing the woman and for stealing her purse. c. The thief suggested having killed the woman and stolen her purse.
b. The thief denied having killed the woman, but admitted having stolen her purse. d. The thief admitted having killed the woman and stolen her purse.

ANS: B

67.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: The detective: ‘Be careful with that gun! It’s loaded.’

a. The detective invited me to be careful with that gun because it is loaded. c. The detective warned me to be careful with that gun because it was loaded.
b. The detective complained that that gun was loaded and I should be careful. d. The detective encouraged me to be careful with that gun because it was loaded.

ANS: C

68.
Turn the following Direct Speech into Reported Speech, by making any necessary changes: ‘Yuk!’ she said when she saw the dead man’s finger in an ice-box.

a. She gave an exclamation of delight when she saw the dead man’s finger in an
ice-box. c. She gave an exclamation of horror when she saw the dead man’s finger in an
ice-box.
b. She gave an exclamation of surprise when she saw the dead man’s finger in an ice-box. d. She gave an exclamation of disgust when she saw the dead man’s finger in an
ice-box.

ANS: D

69.
Choose the right answer:
The policeman asked the old woman why …………….. to identify the mugger the previous day.

a. did she failed c. she has failed
b. did you fail d. she had failed

ANS: D

70.
Choose the right answer:
Five years ago, Mr. Sticky took an oath before the court that he ………………… perjury again.

a. will never commit c. would never commit
b. never commits d. has never committed

ANS: C

71.
Choose the right answer:
The victim: ‘How long does it take you to catch the driver?’
The victim wants to know how long ………………. to catch the driver.

a. it takes us c. does it take us
b. it took us d. did it take us

ANS: A

72.
Choose the right answer:
The attorney: ‘When did you sue the company for breach of contract?’
The attorney inquired when ………………. the company for breach of contract.

a. I did sued c. did I sue
b. I had sued d. had I sue

ANS: B

73.
Choose the right answer:
The attorney: ‘If we have clear-cut evidence of her negligent behaviour, the court will grant the father custody of both children.’
The attorney said that if ……….. clear-cut evidence of her negligent behaviour, the court …………… the father custody of both children

a. they have, will grant c. they had, would grant
b. they would have, would grant d. they had had, would have granted

ANS: C

74.
Choose the right answer:
The client: ‘If I didn’t smoke, my life insurance premiums would be lower.’
The client said that if …………….., his life insurance premiums ……………… lower.

a. he did smoked, would be c. he didn’t smoke, will be
b. he hadn’t smoked, would have been d. he didn’t smoke, would be

ANS: D

75.
Choose the right answer:
The client: ‘If my lawyer hadn’t missed the filing deadline, the case wouldn’t have been dismissed.’
The client complained that if his lawyer …………… the filing deadline, the case ………………. .

a. hadn’t missed, wouldn’t have been dismissed c. hadn’t missed, won’t have been dismissed
b. didn’t miss, wouldn’t have been dismissed d. hadn’t have missed, wouldn’t have been dismissed

ANS: A

76.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Seven senators tabled the bill and refused to discuss other similar proposals. the American idiom ‘to table a bill’ means:

a. to formally present the bill for other people to discuss it immediately; c. to be ready to give the bill serious consideration.
b. to delay discussing the bill until a future time;

ANS: B

77.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The Allies at last turned the tables on Nazi Germany and defeated it. the idiom ‘to turn the tables’ means:

a. to succeed in gaining an advantage over someone who until that moment had an advantage over you; c. to start getting worse, especially after a particular time or event
b. to assess a situation;

ANS: A

78.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Her lawyer wanted to put their cards on the table and discuss the
situation in a rational manner. the idiom ‘to put one’s cards on the table’ means:

a. to keep your plans, thoughts, or feelings secret; c. to tell people what your plans and intentions are in a clear, honest way;
b. to put all the files on the table; d. to have an advantage that you can use to be successful in a particular situation.

ANS: C

79.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Her lawyer put that thought aside, ashamed of his disloyalty. ‘to put that thought aside’ means:

a. to save money regularly, usually for a particular purpose; c. to keep a period of time free in order to be able to do something;
b. to try to stop thinking about something; d. to finish one thing in order to start doing another.

ANS: B

80.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The defendant said that he was putting his faith in the appeal judges. ‘to put one’s faith in somebody’ means:

a. to ask for something in an official way; c. to make someone wait because you do not want to meet them.
b. to trust someone and believe that they can do something for you;

ANS: B

81.
Choose the right answer:
In the statement: The President hates the way the Prime Minister puts him down in public the whole time. ‘to put somebody down’ means:

a. to keep trying to persuade someone to do something, by using threats or unfair influence; c. to criticize someone and make them feel silly or stupid /to belittle someone;
b. to make someone feel good; d. to demote someone.

ANS: C

82.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence ‘My lawyer told me to look before I leap’, ‘to look before I leap’ means:

a. to consider the possible consequences before taking action; c. to proceed in an action without regard to the possibility of danger involved in it.
b. to look carefully at the place one is about to jump on;

ANS: A

83.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Two amendments were tabled by the opposition in their last session. the British idiom ‘to table an amendment’ means:

a. to postpone discussing an amendment indefinitely; c. to submit an amendment for consideration by a legislative body.
b. to take a vote on the amendment by show of hands;

ANS: C

84.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: They offered the judge money under the table to change his mind and reverse the ruling. the idiom ‘under the table’ means:

a. out in the open where everything can be noticed; c. on the black market
b. secretly and illegally;

ANS: B

85.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The common law allows people to speak and act in their own homes as they please and to carry on their daily business, provided that they do not infringe the rights of others or commit an offence. the phrasal verb ‘to carry on’ means:

a. to continue doing something; c. to break the continuity of an action;
b. to come into operation; d. to behave in an uncontrolled, excited or anxious way.

ANS: A

86.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Parents have to observe the law regarding the right of their children to compulsory education. the expression ‘to observe the law’ means:

a. to notice the law c. to make a remark about the law
b. to obey the law

ANS: B

87.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The finance minister got himself into hot water for financing illegal
investments. the idiom ‘get oneself into hot water’ means:

a. to get oneself in trouble or difficulty, especially financial trouble; c. to be held responsible for something illegal;
b. to be in a pleasant situation; d. to do something illegal without being discovered or punished.

ANS: A

88.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: Her work impressed the Minister of Justice so much that she was taken on to fight against terrorist groups and drug-traffickers. the phrasal verbs ‘to be taken on’ means:

a. to have a job application rejected; c. to be employed or hired;
b. to be laid off; d. to be promoted due to extraordinary working skills.

ANS: C

89.
Choose the right answer:
In the sentence: The American diplomat focused his speech on the nuts and bolts of
running a government. the idiom nuts and bolts means:

a. a digression from a subject in speech or writing; c. a critical assessment of a certain matter;
b. the essential or practical details; d. the unnecessary details of a side issue.

ANS: B

90.
Choose the right answer:
……………….. is a term that refers to a style of humour in which things are said only half seriously, or in a subtly mocking way.

a. Bitter-tongued c. Double-tongued
b. Loose-tongued d. Tongue-in-cheek

ANS: B

91.
Choose the right answer:
The idiom to walk a tightrope, which is an expression initially used in circus acrobatics, is now used in everyday language and it means:

a. to act very carefully so as to avoid either of two opposite bad situations; c. to risk losing two offers at the same time due to a delayed decision;
b. to act recklessly, endangering one’s life; d. to balance two competing ideas or groups.

ANS: A

92.
Choose the right phrasal verb:
The Labor Party …………. the destruction of all war-time measures in restraint of civil or industrial liberty.

a. stands for c. stands down
b. stands against d. stands back from

ANS: A

93.
Choose the right phrasal verb:
The Constitution of the United Kingdom is ………. of statute law, common law, and
conventions.

a. made up c. made over
b. made out d. made by

ANS: A

94.
Choose the right answer:
Everyone has the right to take ……….. the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

a. a part to c. part to
b. part in d. a part in

ANS: B

95.
Choose the right answer:
Parents are free to ……… their children as they so wish, provided that they do not infringe any laws against cruelty and exposure to moral and physical danger.

a. grow c. bring up
b. grow up d. raise up

ANS: C

96.
Choose the right answer:
Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending …………..

a. man and woman c. concubines
b. soon-to-be bride and groom d. spouses

ANS: D

97.
Choose the right answer:
If a man’s death occurs without a valid written ……………, the spouse and children of the ……………….. have priority.

a. nuncupative will, departed c. inheritance, dead man
b. will, deceased d. heritage, late husband

ANS: B

98.
Choose the right answer:
A child, whether born in or out of ………………….. , shall enjoy the same social protection.

a. wedlock c. fornication
b. wedding d. adultery

ANS: A

99.
Choose the right answer:
The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote ………………. for President and
Vice-President.

a. by bulletin c. by ballot
b. by show of hands d. by oral consent

ANS: C

100.
Choose the right answer:
` The investigation of parole plans proposed for inmates ………………….. the Board of Pardons and Paroles.

a. resorts to c. lays with
b. gets down to d. rests with

ANS: D

101.
Choose the right answer:
If you don’t get ………, you’ll be fired according to the labour contract provisions.

a. on the ball c. it
b. going

ANS: A

102.
Choose the right answer:
Joe got ……………. over the car deal and now he is looking for a good lawyer.

a. above water c. dead in the water
b. in hot water

ANS: B

103.
Choose the right answer:
It ………… how he managed to enter the house, because there are no signs of forced entry.

a. beats my brains out c. beats the drum
b. beats me

ANS: B

104.
Choose the right answer:
We’re …………….. and hoping that the witness will be accepted. Without him we don’t have a case!

a. crossing our fingers c. crossing our paths
b. crossing our minds

ANS: A

105.

Choose the right answer:
Judge Thomson is truly appreciated with the Bench because he runs his courtroom
efficiently and …………………..

a. by himself c. crossing our paths
b. crossing our minds

ANS: B

106.
Choose the right answer:
When the judge pronounced the sentence she ………………. and lost all hope to be free again.

a. fell to her face c. put on a long face
b. started to make faces

ANS: C

107.
Choose the right answer:
The attorneys can talk until they ……………. but I don’t think they’ll convince the jury that this guy is innocent.

a. turn blue c. scream blue murder
b. are blue in the face

ANS: B

108.
Choose the right answer:
He was no longer able to deny his crime, the attorney’s questions put him ……………. .

a. off the hook c. on his own hook
b. on the hook

ANS: B

109.
Choose the right answer:
Police arrests are being given maximum publicity as a reminder that ……………………. .

a. crime doesn’t pay c. crime doesn’t pay off
b. crime doesn’t forget

ANS: A

110.
Choose the right preposition:
As the expertise results bear ……… our claims, we request the respondent pay the
damages claimed without delay.

a. down c. out
b. up

ANS: C

111.
Choose the right preposition:
No one could understand why he stood ……… an incorrigible criminal; why did he choose to dent his reputation as Penal Law Professor?

a. for c. up for
b. over

ANS: C

112.
Choose the right preposition:
Knowing that the defence case stands ………. his testimony, the best expert in town was brought to stand by the Prosecution.

a. on c. for
b. over

ANS: A

113.
Choose the right preposition:
If the Defence has no further questions, the witness may step ……….

a. off c. out
b. down

ANS: B

114.
Choose the right preposition:
The plaintiff took …….. his statement, as he didn’t want to continue the litigation.

a. off c. down
b. back

ANS: B

115.
Choose the right preposition:
The accomplice turned …….. at the last moment, and the police caught them red-handed.

a. out c. on
b. up

ANS: B

116.
Choose the right prepositions:
Valerie Costa started … her career fighting against organized crime the moment she took … the difficult job of warder in a high security prison.

a. up / on to c. up / on
b. – / on d. – / on to

ANS: B

117.
Choose the right preposition:
After the Denver Police had turned …….. his job application, he left for Chicago hoping to start over.

a. down c. out
b. into

ANS: A

118.
Choose the right idiom:
Due to a miscarriage of justice, he succeeded in …………………………. murder.

a. making off with c. running off with
b. getting away with

ANS: B

119.
Choose the right preposition:
Your skillful lawyer will talk him ……… testifying before the jury.

a. into c. against
b. about

ANS: A

120.
Choose the right preposition:
The matter was so delicate, that the judge had to think it …… before announcing the verdict.

a. up c. out
b. over

ANS: B

121.
Choose the right idiom:
The judge could no longer …………… his holding the court in contempt.

a. put off with c. put up with
b. put down to

ANS: C

122.
Choose the right idiom:
I think you are entitled to ………. a claim and ask the insurance company to pay for damage.

a. put off c. put into
b. put in

ANS: B

123.
Choose the right answer:
How can a young, unexperienced lawyer keep …………….. with the latest laws and regulations?

a. up-to-date c. high and dry
b. down-to-earth

ANS: A

124.
Choose the right answer:
Why don’t you …… your claim to be granted the right to a fair and speedy trial?

a. put in c. put forward
b. put out

ANS: C

125.
Choose the right preposition:
Everybody considered that the judge had a reason to let him …… like that.

a. off c. away
b. on

ANS: A

126.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:

a. Civil law and common law systems have the same approach to criminal procedure. c. The legal systems in England, Canada and the United States are based on the civil law tradition.
b. Civil law and common law systems have entirely different approaches to criminal procedure.

ANS: B

127.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:

a. The majority of Western European countries are based on the civil law system. c. The legal systems in England, Canada and the United States are based on the civil law tradition.
b. The majority of Western European countries are based on the common law system.

ANS: A

128.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:

a. In the civil law system, the judge ascertains the applicable law and the jury determines the facts c. In the common law system, the examining magistrate and the judge investigate and adjudicate the case.
b. In the common law system, the judge ascertains the applicable law and the jury determines the facts

ANS: B

129.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:

a. Most countries with civil law systems use what is known as the inquisitorial system. c. Most countries with civil law systems use what is known as the adversarial system.
b. Most countries with common law systems use what is known as the inquisitorial system.

ANS: A

130.
Choose the correct answer:
The difference between the word jail and prison is that ………..

a. people convicted of felonies end up in prisons, while minor offenders or persons awaiting trial are locked up inside jails. c. people who receive a short sentence end up in prisons, while those who serve a life sentence are locked up inside jails.
b. people convicted of felonies end up in jails, while minor offenders or persons awaiting trial are locked up inside prisons.

ANS: A

131.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:

The judge imposes what is called an indeterminate sentence when ………….

a. he has discretion to set the sentence at a maximum and minimum term within a broad range permitted by law. c. he has discretion to set the sentence however he pleases.
b. he imposes a fixed term of incarceration with no early release through parole.

ANS: A

132.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:

A determinate sentence means that ……………

a. the judge imposes a fixed term of incarceration with no early release through parole. c. the judge sentences the offender to a term that falls within a narrow range prescribed by law.
b. the judge grants the convict the possibility of parole.

ANS: A

133.
Choose the correct answer:
The possibility of parole exists ………………

a. for all kind of criminal offenders whatsoever. c. for minor offenders, after they served part of their sentence and if their behaviour while in prison entitled them to benefit from this right.
b. for prisoners who committed serious offences involving violence, arson or sexual crimes.

ANS: C

134. Choose the correct definition for homicide:

a. A homicide is the crime of killing someone deliberately. c. A homicide is the crime of killing someone unlawfully and maliciously, or with premeditation.
b. A homicide is not necessarily a crime in itself, since it can be committed without criminal intent and without criminal consequences.

ANS: B

135.
Choose the correct definition for misdemeanor:

a. Misdemeanor is a serious crime such as murder, arson, rape, robbery or kidnapping. c. Misdemeanor is a less serious crime, for which the penalty is usually a fine, a jail sentence of less than a year or both.
b. Misdemeanor is a synonymous term for homicide.

ANS: C

136.
Choose the correct sentence about the two legal systems: common law systems and
civil law systems:
In common law jurisdictions, a court not of record is ………..

a. a court that keeps permanent records of its proceedings. c. a court of limited jurisdiction.
b. a court that keeps no records of its proceedings.

ANS: B

137.
Choose the correct answer:
……………. is an inferior tribunal, such as a justice’s court presided over by a justice of the peace that does not keep systematic records and is often not regarded as having an identity distinct from that of its presiding magistrate.

a. A court of record c. A probate court
b. A court not of record

ANS: B

138. 138. Choose the correct answer:
In England and Wales, in the Magistrates’ Courts, most magistrates are ……………

a. experienced barristers who are appointed in this office by the High Chancellor. c. solicitors who advice clients on legal matters and represent them in the higher courts.
b. lay people who sit on a bench of three with a legally qualified clerk who advices them on the law.

ANS: B

139.
Choose the correct answer:
………….is primarily concerned with the probate of wills and disposition of estates; it may also deal with guardianships, name changes, marriages and adoptions.

a. A probate court c. A Magistrate’s Court
b. A court of appeal

ANS: A

140.
Choose the correct answer:
In New York, the court with jurisdiction over probate matters is known under the name of ………….

a. Surrogate’s Court c. Crown Court
b. Magistrate’s Court

ANS: A

141.
Choose the correct answer:
The House of Lords is ………………….

a. the upper house of the Parliament of the United States of America. c. a synonymous term for the House of Commons.
b. the part of the British Parliament that consists of politicians who are not elected by the people.

ANS: B

142.
Choose the correct definition for the Crown Court:

a. The Crown Court is the higher court of first instance in criminal cases, which hears civil cases as well as criminal appeals from the Magistrates’ Courts in England and Wales. c. The Crown Court is the court of last resort, the highest appellate tribunal of the New York State.
b. The Crown Court is the Supreme Court which hears civil cases as well as criminal appeals from the Magistrates’ Courts in the U.S.A.

ANS: A

143.
Choose the right answer:
The Supreme Court is the “Last Court of Appeal.” What does this mean?

a. No other court has higher decision-making power. c. It is the most powerful court in the U.K. with authority over all the other courts.
b. Citizens can appeal its decision (take the same case) to lower courts.

ANS: A

144.
Choose the right answer:
Who chooses the justices of the Supreme Court?

a. The voters elect them c. The members of the Bar.
b. The President appoints them, but the Senate must approve them.

ANS: B

145.
Choose the right answer:
In the case title of the original suit, the plaintiff is listed ………. and the defendant ……… .

a. first, second c. the order is not important whatsoever.
b. second, first

ANS: A

146.
Choose the right answer:
If the losing party in a suit in a federal court appeals the case, this party’s name appears ………. .

a. second c. the order bears no importance.
b. first

ANS: B

147.
Choose the right answer:
While in criminal cases the initiator of the proceedings is called the ……………., in civil cases the party who initiates the suit is called the ………………. .

a. prosecution, plaintiff c. defendant, respondent
b. plaintiff, prosecution

ANS: A

148.
Choose the right answer:
The courts established under the power of the Constitution in the United States are known as …………..

a. federal courts c. county courts
b. constitutional courts.

ANS: B

149.
Choose the correct sentence regarding the written/unwritten nature of the Constitution of Britain and respectively the U.S.:

a. Britain has an unwritten constitution, and the United States has a written constitution. c. Both the United States and Britain have a written constitution.
b. The United States have an unwritten constitution, and Britain has a written constitution.

ANS: A

150.
Choose the correct sentence regarding the status of the Prime Minister in U.K.:
In the United Kingdom the Prime Minister is appointed by Queen and he is not the head of state, but the head of government.

a. In the U. K. the Prime Minister is elected by the British citizens and he is the head of the state. c. In the U. K. the Prime Minister is appointed by Queen and he is not the head of state, but the head of government.
b. In the U. K. the Prime Minister is appointed by the House of Lords but he is not the head of the government.

ANS: C

151.
Read the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution and decide what purpose it serves: “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

a. The purpose of the Preamble is to introduce an official document and to set out the main points in it. c. The purpose of the Preamble is to mark an important historic event without precedent.
b. The purpose of the Preamble is to make the citizens aware that they can change the constitution whenever is necessary.

ANS: A

152.
Choose the right answer:
The United States Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate, represents the ………………………. of the government.

a. executive branch c. constitutional branch
b. legislative branch

ANS: B

153.
Choose the right Amendment:
The ……………. addresses the rights of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and freedom of petition.

a. Third Amendment c. Tenth Amendment
b. First Amendment

ANS: B

154.
Choose the right Amendment:
The ……………….. guarantees a speedy public trial for criminal offenses; it requires trial by a jury, guarantees the right to legal counsel for the accused, witnesses to testify in the presence of the accused and the right of the accused to know the charges against him.

a. Sixth Amendment c. First Amendment
b. Fifth Amendment

ANS: A

155.
Choose the right answer:
In the British Government the …………………. Chooses the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Foreign Secretary, the Home Secretary and others to form the Cabinet.

a. Queen c. House of Commons
b. Prime Minister

ANS: B

156.
Choose the right answer:
In U.K. the Prime Minister is, by tradition, the ………………..

a. First Lord of the Treasury c. Foreign Secretary
b. Lord Chancellor

ANS: A

157.
Choose the right answer:
In U.K. the ……………… are a group of political correspondents who have access to the Lobby of the House of Commons where they can talk privately to government ministers.

a. House of Lords c. Prime Minister’s press advisers
b. Lobby correspondents

ANS: B

158.
Choose the right answer:
In U.K. the ……………… is the head of the judiciary.

a. Lord Chancellor c. Home Secretary
b. Chancellor of the Exchequer

ANS: A

159.
Choose the right Amendment:
The ……………… prohibits the federal government and the states from forbidding any citizen of age 18 or greater to vote simply because of their age.

a. Twenty-sixth Amendment c. Thirty Amendment
b. Twenty-seventh Amendment

ANS: A

160.
Choose the right answer:
The most common symbol for the Democratic Party (USA) is the ……….. although the party itself never officially adopted this symbol.

a. donkey c. monkey
b. elephant

ANS: A

161.
Choose the right answer:
Knowing that since election night 2000 the colour blue has become the identified colour of the Democratic Party, while the colour red has become the identified colour of the Republican Party, the nominee George W. Bush was represented on the electoral map using …… while the nominee Al Gore was represented using ……

a. blue, red c. orange, blue
b. red, blue

ANS: B

162.
Choose the right answer about the American parties:
The …………………. are mostly interested in establishing social programs for people in need, such as the poor, the unemployed, the elderly and they oppose military spending.

a. Republicans c. Conservatives
b. Democrats

ANS: B

163.
Choose the right answer about the American parties:
The ……………….. oppose slavery, are interested in farm, land and business issues and support military spending.

a. Republicans c. Liberal politicians
b. Democrats

ANS: A

164.
Choose the right answer:
The …………………… is the part of the parliament in the UK or Canada that consists of politicians who have been elected by the people.

a. Home of Lords c. House of Commons
b. House of Lords

ANS: C

165.
Choose the right answer:
The 50 stars on the American flag represent the 50 U. S. states and the 13 ……. represent the original Thirteen Colonies that rebelled against the British crown and became the first states in the Union.

a. stripes c. circles
b. lines

ANS: A

166.
Choose the right answer:
The flag of ……………….. is also called the Union Flag.

a. the United Kingdom of Great Britain c. England, Northern Ireland and Scotland
b. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

ANS: B

167.
Choose the right answer:
The Declaration of Independence was written by …………………….. .

a. Thomas Jefferson c. J. F. Kennedy
b. Benjamin Franklin

ANS: A

168.
Choose the right answer:
Wearing a top hat with red and blue stripes and white stars on a blue band, and red and white trousers, …………………. is the national personification of the United States.

a. Uncle Samson c. Uncle Tom
b. Uncle Sam

ANS: B

169.
Choose the right answer:
The United Kingdom flag consists of three other flags that stand for Scotland, England and Ireland, each of them represented by a patron saint:

a. St. George (Scotland), St. Andrew (England), St. Patrick (Ireland) c. St. Patrick (Scotland), St. Andrew (England), St. George (Ireland)
b. St. Andrew (Scotland), St. George (England), St. Patrick (Ireland)

ANS: B

170.
Choose the right answer:
The …………… was chosen June 20, 1782 as the emblem of the United States of America, because of its long life, great strength and majestic looks, and also because it was then believed to exist only on this continent.

a. bald eagle c. wild hawk
b. white elephant

ANS: A

171. Choose the right answer:
Criminal Procedure is the body of law …………………. .

a. regulating the inquiry into whether a person has violated criminal law. c. that governs the activities of administrative agencies of government.
b. that sets out the rules and standards that courts follow when adjudicating civil lawsuits.

ANS: A

172. Choose the right answer:
A continuing investigation conducted initially by the police and then more extensively by an
impartial examining magistrate characterizes ……………………. .

a. the inquisitorial system c. the appellate system
b. the adversarial system

ANS: A

173. Choose the right answer:
In jurisdictions that use …………., the judge has discretion to set the sentence at a maximum and minimum term within a broad range permitted by law.

a. presumptive sentencing c. indeterminate sentencing
b. determinate sentencing

ANS: C

174. Choose the right answer:
Solitary confinement means …………………..

a. removing (a person) from a house or land by law. c. a punishment imposed only if you commit a further crime.
b. being imprisoned completely alone, separated from other prisoners.

ANS: B

175. Choose the right answer:
Maritime law infractions fall under …………. jurisdiction.

a. military courts c. surrogate’s courts
b. admiralty courts

ANS: B

176. Choose the right answer:
If the parties choose to have a jury trial, determining the facts is the task of the …………

a. grand jury c. bench trial
b. petit jury

ANS: B

177. Choose the right answer:
If the parties decide not to have a jury and leave the fact-finding to the judge, the trial is
called a ………..

a. grand jury c. bench trial
b. petit jury

ANS: C

178. Choose the right answer:
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest appellate court for cases within
……….. jurisdiction.

a. district c. state
b. federal

ANS: B

179. Choose the right answer:
If the appeal goes all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, the party seeking the review is called the ……………….

a. appellant c. respondent
b. petitioner

ANS: B

180. Choose the right answer:
The initiator of the proceedings in a criminal case is called the ……………

a. prosecution. c. appellee
b. complainant

ANS: A

181. Choose the right answer:
The U.S. Constitution now guarantees the right to a jury trial to most ……….. in
criminal cases and to the parties in most civil cases.

a. bailiffs c. defendants
b. appellants

ANS: C

182. Choose the right answer:
Courts of last resort, the highest appellate tribunals of the states in criminal and civil cases
and in law and equity, are generally called …………….

a. appellate courts c. surrogate’s courts
b. supreme courts

ANS: B

183. Choose the right answer:
Courts of first instance may be referred to as ……………………….

a. courts of inferior jurisdiction. c. courts of appeal.
b. courts of superior jurisdiction.

ANS: A

184. Choose the right answer:
…………. is a court in England and Wales where minor crimes are judged.

a. The Inns of Court c. Magistrates’ Court
b. The High Court

ANS: C

185. Choose the right answer:
……………….. are tribunals dealing with the probate of wills and the disposition of estates.

a. Magistrates’ Courts c. Small claims courts
b. Probate courts

ANS: B

186. Choose the right answer:
A/An …………. is someone who is involved in a disagreement that is being examined in a
court of law (a plaintiff or a defendant).

a. litigant c. magistrate
b. rioter

ANS: A

187. Choose the right phrasal verb:
Knowing that the defence case ……. his testimony, the Prosecution brought the best
expert in town to the stand.

a. stands on c. stands for
b. stands over

ANS: A

188. Choose the right preposition:
After two days of freedom, the escaped prisoner gave himself ….. to the police.

a. into c. up
b. over

ANS: C

189. Choose the right phrasal verb:
I don’t see why politicians who commit crimes should be ….. so lightly.

a. let off c. let in
b. let down

ANS: A

190. Choose the right phrasal verb:
It was just a rumour that the Home Office intended to …………. all asylum-seekers in
London.

a. lock in c. lock up
b. lock down

ANS: C

191. Choose the right phrasal verb:
She thinks that people who harm children should be ….. for life.

a. put in c. put away
b. put off

ANS: C

192. Choose the right phrasal verb:
I really think that the authorities could use the Internet to …………. gang suspects.

a. round up c. round on
b. round in

ANS: A

193. Choose the right phrasal verb:
I’m concerned because the crime figures are ….. We need urgent measures!

a. going up c. going on
b. going down

ANS: A

194. Choose the right phrasal verb:
The attackers threatened to …… me ….. if I didn’t give them my wallet.

a. beat in c. beat up
b. beat down

ANS: C

195. Choose the right idiom:
He was working under cover and his job was to ………… and make a detailed report about his activities.

a. beat the suspect c. corner the suspect
b. tail the suspect

ANS: B

196. Choose the right preposition:
That squeaking sound makes me bang my head ……. a brick wall.

a. against c. over
b. towards

ANS: A

197. Choose the right preposition:
I think you should give yourself ……. to the police.

a. down c. into
b. up

ANS: B

198. Choose the right phrasal verb:
The terrorist had planned to ………… that international airport because explosives had
been found in his bag.

a. beat up c. blow up
b. fire up

ANS: C

199. Choose the right preposition:
She thinks that people who harm children should be banged …. for life.

a. in c. down
b. up

ANS: B

200. Choose the right noun to fill in the following idiom:
Your mother, God rests her soul would turn in her ……. if she knew that you have ended up behind bars.

a. grave c. cemetery
b. bed

ANS: A

You may also like...

4 Responses

  1. Unde sunt rezolvarile?

  2. Ma tot uit dupa ele si nu le gasesc

  3. Hi,this is Margarita Kollos,just observed your Blog on google and i must say this blog is great.may I share some of the writing found in this blog to my local buddies?i am not sure and what you think?in any case,Thanks!

  4. Multumesc foarte mult pentru acest post!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *